Pancasila Youth History Ink Scratches
Jakarta || The name of the Pancasila Youth Community Organization (PP) is trending on social media.
Recently, PP organizations have been in the spotlight after holding a demonstration at the DPR RI Building, Senayan, Central Jakarta, Thursday (25/11/2021).
During the action, a riot broke out which resulted in the arrest of dozens of residents who were suspected of being provocateurs.
On the other hand, the name Pemuda Pancasila became popular on Twitter today.
Quoting TribunnewsWiki.com, Pemuda Pancasila is an Indonesian paramilitary organization initiated by General Abdul Haris Nasution. This organization was formed from semi-official political gangsters (thugs) who supported Suharto's New Order military dictatorship.
The name of this organization refers to Pancasila, the "five principles" official from Indonesia.
Pemuda Pancasila played a key role in supporting Suharto's military coup in 1965: they became death squads for the Indonesian army, killing one million or more alleged communists and Chinese-Indonesians across North Sumatra Province, as described in the 2012 documentary Butcher.< br />
In the documentary, it is stated that the organization currently has three million members. Estimates of national membership from the late 1990s ranged from 4 million -10 million people.
Pemuda Pancasila was founded on October 28, 1959, to coincide with the commemoration of the 31st Youth Pledge. The long road of formation of this organization began in the 1950s.
At that time Nasution was still active in politics. The party he founded, the Association of Supporters of Indonesian Independence (IPKI) participated in the 1955 elections. Nasution founded IPKI with Colonel Gatot Subroto and Colonel Azis Saleh.
IPKI targeted votes from former fighters and TNI soldiers, who at that time were still allowed to vote and participate in politics. However, the dream was broken by Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) who won number 3 and the PKI in position 4.
Nasution was serving a period of suspension due to the events of October 17, 1952. On October 17, military officers along with 30 thousand demonstrators demonstrated at the Merdeka Palace, along with tanks, cannons, and artillery weapons aimed at the Palace.
They demanded the dissolution of parliament and an end to conflicts within the military. When his suspension ran out, he was summoned by President Soekarno.
Nasution returned to his position as Army Chief of Staff (KSAD). Initially, the purpose of forming Pemuda Pancasila was to confront the domination of Pemuda Rakyat (PR), a wing organization under the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI).
At that time the PKI was at its strongest. That strength was increased when Pemuda Rakyat was founded as a PKI youth organization.
Nasution did not want to lose. A few months after the decree was issued, on October 28, 1959, Pemuda Pancasila was declared a youth organization under IPKI. Pancasila youth provoked many soldiers to join.
Pemuda Pancasila (PP) became increasingly active in 1965, to be precise in the G30S incident. Their existence is getting stronger, making PP lure more people to join. Most of them are thugs. Everyone is interested in wearing their orange striped suits, their oversized uniforms.
The image of Pemuda Pancasila at that time was indeed interesting. They secure the perception of being an army-backed nationalist organization.
In the New Order era, PP developed three principles: muscle, speech and brain. These three things are raised with the hope that the members are not only strong and physically fit, but also good at talking and think smart and clever.
This principle is also the philosophy behind the orange uniform, which was originally plain, then replaced with a striped pattern. The symbols in the Pancasila Youth logo are interpreted as elements of Pancasila.
Another symbol system of Pemuda Pancasila is a logo consisting of a star, chain, tree, bull, and rice and cotton. The meaning of the logo also refers to Pancasila values, starting from the first precepts to the fifth precepts.
The National Leadership Council (MPN) of the Pancasila Youth Organization (PP) has apologized for the rioting and beating of the apparatus during a demonstration in front of the DPR-MPR Building, Thursday (25/11/2021).
The Secretary General (Secretary General) of MPN PP, Arif Rahman, said that the incident occurred outside of a peaceful protest. The clash with the traffic police resulted in the arrest of at least 36 PP members by the Polda Metro Jaya and 15 have been named suspects.
"I, as secretary general of the PP assembly, would like to first apologize for the misunderstanding that occurred earlier in the field," Arif said at a press conference after the incident, Thursday (25/11/2021) night.
Arif said that currently his party